The feeling wheel

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There are primary emotions and secondary emotions. The primary emotions are the basics such as madness, sadness, and happiness. Secondary emotions are those who are mixtures, the overlapping part in the Venn diagram. Emotions for these would be disappointment and surprise. All emotions derive from primary emotions. It’s just like the color wheel. There are the primary colors (red, blue, yellow) and from those primary colors emerge secondary colors (purple, pink, turquoise).

Make sure your students or children understand and express their emotions. Teach them the different ways they can respond and deal with different feelings, conflicts, or problems.

Here is a useful link where you can find some strategies on how to help your children learn about their feelings:

http://csefel.vanderbilt.edu/familytools/teaching_emotions.pdf

The benefits of bilingualism

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Speaking two languages (or more) has practical benefits for the person. Here are some facts about bilingualism:

1. Bilingualism actually grows grey matter! Brain scans reveal a greater density of grey matter in areas of the brain associated with language processing in people who learned a second language under the age of five (Mechelli A., et al., 2004).

2. Bilinguals develop strong thinking and cognitive skills.

3. They cultivate greater cultural awareness since they are more exposed to more than one culture.

4. They understand better math concepts due to abstract thinking.

5. Focus and make decisions easier. They are more certain of their choices after thinking them over in their second language.

6. They are good multitaskers since they are able to switch between two tasks.

7. Their memory is strong. Learning a language involves memorizing rules and vocabulary which strengthens the mental muscle.

8. They have increased reading comprehension.

9. A multilingual brain is quicker and more resistant to Alzheimer’s.

10. Bilingual children do better in education. They have been shown to be better than their monolingual peers at focusing on a task while tuning out distractions. This seemingly enhanced ability to concentrate has also been found in bilingual adults, especially those who became fluent in two languages at an early age. It is thought that being able to filter things out when switching language enhances the brain’s ability to focus and ignore irrelevant information.

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Separation Anxiety in toddlers

At some point during their development, all babies will experience separation anxiety. This is very common, completely normal and demonstrates that your child has a healthy and loving attachment to you. However, it can be difficult for parents to cope with a child who gets panicky and upset when they are not around. The good news is, for the vast majority of babies, separation anxiety happens in phases and will not last forever.

What is separation anxiety?

Around the age of 10 months, you may notice that your child becomes restless when he is away from you. Whenever you move away and disappear from the field of view or assign someone else to watch, even if you are in the next room, he becomes upset and starts crying. When you put him to sleep, he refuses to let you go and he may wake up during the night looking for you. This developmental stage is known as Separation Anxiety. Your child has not yet learned that parents are still there and will return, even if they are in the next room. This stage reaches its peak between 10 to 18 months, and continues to exist until 2-4 years.

Tips: How to make the separations easier

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Reading to your Child is Fundamental

Children learn to love the sound of language before they even notice the existence of printed words on a page.  Reading, and the love for reading, begins at home and therefore parents should act as reading role models for their children. Parent involvement in early literacy is directly connected to later academic achievement. Early learning research emphasizes the importance of daily adult/child reading time, as well as having books at home for children to help them be academically ready for kindergarten.

According to scientific research, reading helps the child to:

  • develop his ability to use the language
  • practice his memory
  • stimulate and enrich his imagination
  • cultivate critical thinking and creative search
  • build a strong relationship with parents
  • ensure a balanced emotional development
  • cultivate moral values
  • improve his ability to concentrate
  • study easier his lessons at school
  • and gain greater willingness to learn

Therefore, it would be good to read to our child 20 minutes a day, every day regardless of the age of your child! It is ultimately the best investment for our child’s future!

So, the more kids read, the better readers they become and the more they learn about the world around them. Children who do not read usually have poor reading skills. Reading is a struggle for them, and they avoid it whenever possible. Thus, it is really helpful to find out the reasons for not liking or wanting to read.

  • It’s boring. If your children have this response to reading texts from school, you can always expose them to another kinds of reading at home tailored to their needs and interests. If you want to get you children motivated to read,  give them choices. Let them choose the book.
  • It’s too hard. For some children, reading is a difficult process. If your child is facing difficulties in reading, talk with his/her teacher and ask about how you can find interesting books and materials written at the reading level of your child.
  • It’s not important. Often children do not understand how reading can be useful or relevant to their lives. So, give them plenty of reasons, find books that interest them and teach them by your example.
  • It’s no fun. For some children, especially those who have difficulty reading, books cause anxiety and frustration. Take the pressure off reading, let your child see you enjoying reading and he will enjoy it too. Extend the positive experience that a child may have after reading a book. For example, if the child enjoyed a book about dinosaurs, continue with a visit to the natural history museum.

The following material is created by Colorín Colorado, a national multimedia project that offers a wealth of bilingual, research-based information, activities, and advice for educators and families of English language learners (ELLs). The suggested tips are divided by age, however, many of them can be used with children at various ages and stages and can be applied not only for the English language but for every language that your child speaks or learns.

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